The Aero S 105 (MiG 19S) was the first supersonic aircraft belonging to the Czechoslovak Air Force. It was also the first supersonic plane to be manufactured in Czechoslovakia. The MiG-19 plane was designed by the Mikojan Construction Bureau in 1953 as the SM 9 Project. On July 3, 1955, the MiG-19 was presented for the first time in a series at an aviation show in the town of Tušin near Moscow. In Czechoslovakia, the first 38 machines were assembled and test-flown in 1957. The planes had been delivered from the Soviet Union, in ‘S‘ and ‘P‘ versions.

Licensed production was launched in the Aero Vodochody Works, the first fully “Czechoslovak” MiG-19S with a serial number 850102 was test-flown on October 30, 1959. The Czechoslovak Air Force owned 182 MiG-19 planes in total, out of which 103 planes in the ‘S‘ version were of Aero Vodochody Works origin, and 79
planes in the ‘S‘, ‘P‘ and ‘PM‘ versions had been delivered from the Soviet Union. Even though they were not used any more after 1972, they represented a great step forward for quality in the Czechoslovak Air Force and industry.

Technical data

Engine:  Tumansky RD-9B
Power:  1 x 21,9 kN
Wingspan:  9,00 m
Length:  12,55 m
Empty weight:  5 660 kg
Take-off weight:  7 780 kg
Maximum speedt:  1 452 kph
Service ceiling:  17 5000 m
Range:  2 200 km